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Michigan Gun Laws

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2024


CPL Requirements

The pistol safety training course required under Michigan law must be a program certified by this state, or a national or state firearms training organization, and provide at least eight hours of instruction. The program shall provide at least three hours of instruction on a firing range and require firing at least 30 rounds of ammunition.


Jackson County CPL Requirements - County Clerk HERE


Michigan State Police Firearms Info Page HERE


Firearms Laws of Michigan can be found HERE


Synopsis of New 2024 Michigan Gun Laws Click Here


Join Michigan Coalition of Responsible Gun Owners HERE

MCRGO ACTION ALERT


Find Your Michigan Pistol Transactions

Have you ever wondered whether your past Michigan pistol transactions are properly registered?

Did the purchaser turn in the RI-60 for the Glock you sold her? Did the licensing authority properly record the transaction for that Ruger you bought? Is a firearm you sold years ago going to show up in your name if it is used in the commission of a crime? Did you know there's a way you can check?

Here are the steps:

  • 1. Go to https://www.michigan.gov/msp/

  • 2. Click on “Forms” under “Featured Links”

  • 3. Download Form RI-147 Pistol Record Request

  • 4. Fill out the form and check the box for: List of all pistol documents

  • 5. Mail, email, or fax the document according to the form.

  • 6. Wait approximately one month.

  • 7. MSP will mail you a report for each pistol.



  • Federal Laws

    Federal Laws Regarding Personal Transfers:

    ATF P 5300.21: Best Practices: Transfers of Firearms by Private Sellers

    Federal Firearm Laws Q&A

    Mi 2024 Laws

    Michigan Gun Laws

    Firearms & Background Records Forms

    Concealed Pistol Licensing Information

    Public Notice of Intent to Dispose of Firearms


    Mi 2024 Laws: Domestic Violence

    New MI Democrat Passed Gun Laws for 2024

    New Gun Laws for Michigan 2024: Domestic Violence

    A three bill package passed the Michigan Legislature last fall will prohibit a person convicted of a misdemeanor that involved domestic violence from generally possessing or using a firearm or ammunition in the state until the person completed the terms of imprisonment and probation, paid all fines, and eight years had passed.

    The bills will add specific misdemeanors and fines for current crimes, such as breaking and entering and vulnerable adult abuse, if the violator were the victim's spouse or former spouse, had a dating relationship with the victim, had a child in common with the victim, or was a resident or former resident of the victim's household. These additional misdemeanors will be considered misdemeanors involving domestic violence.

    The detailed official legislative analysis of this bill package can be found HERE: https://www.legislature.mi.gov/documents/2023-2024/billanalysis/Senate/pdf/2023-SFA-0471-C.pdf

    "Misdemeanor involving domestic violence" will mean a violation of any of the following offenses committed by an individual who is
    1) the spouse of;
    2) the former spouse of;
    3) the current or previous dating partner of;
    4) the current or former resident of a household with; or
    5) had a child in common with, the victim:

  • Assault and battery, or repeated assault and battery.
  • Assault without a weapon that inflicts serious or aggravated injury without intent to commit murder or to inflict great bodily harm.
  • Breaking and entering into any dwelling without first obtaining permission.
  • Vulnerable adult abuse, provided the caregiver or other person with authority was guilty of a reckless act or reckless failure to act of the caregiver or other person with authority over a vulnerable adult caused physical harm to the vulnerable adult, or the caregiver or other person with authority over the vulnerable adult knowingly or intentionally committed an act that, under the circumstances, posed an unreasonable risk of harm or injury to a vulnerable adult, regardless of whether physical harm resulted.
  • Willful and malicious destruction of personal property of less than $1,000, or repeated offense involving willful and malicious destruction of personal property of less than $1,000.
  • Willful and malicious destruction of another person's house, barn, or other building or its appurtenances of less than $1,000, or a repeated offense involving willful and malicious destruction of another person's house, barn, or other building or its appurtenances of less than $1,000.
  • Stalking.
  • Malicious use of any service provided by a telecommunications service provider with intent to terrorize, frighten, intimidate, threaten, harass, molest, or annoy another person.
  • An ordinance, law of another state, or Federal law that substantially corresponded with the violations listed above.
  • An ordinance, law of another state, or Federal law specifically designated as domestic violence.

    "Dating relationship" means frequent, intimate associations primarily characterized by the expectation of affectional involvement. This term does not include a causal relationship or an ordinary fraternization between two individuals in a business or social context.

    Thank You to MCRGO for providing this summary


  • New MI Democrat Passed Gun Laws for 2024

    New Gun Laws for Michigan 2024:

    Storage Mandates

  • Firearms being stored or left unattended must be unloaded and locked with a locking device or stored in a locked box or container if it is reasonably known that a person under 18 is or is likely to be present on the premises.

  • If the minor possesses or exhibits the firearm in a public place or possesses or exhibits the firearm in the presence of another person in a careless, reckless, or threatening manner: a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for up to 93 days or a fine of up to $500, or both.

  • If the minor discharges the firearm and injures themselves or another individual: a felony punishable by imprisonment for up to five years or a fine of up to $5,000, or both.

  • If the minor discharges the firearm and inflicts serious impairment of a body function on themselves or another individual: a felony punishable by imprisonment for up to 10 years or a fine of up to $7,500, or both.

  • If the minor discharges the firearm and inflicts death on themselves or another individual: a felony punishable by imprisonment for up to 15 years or a fine of up to $10,000, or both.

  • Exemption: A minor obtains a firearm with the permission of their parent or guardian and uses or possesses the firearm under the direct supervision of their parent or guardian, or any individual at least 18 years old who is authorized by the minor’s parent or guardian, during the minor’s employment, ranching or farming, target practice or instruction in the safe use of a firearm.

  • Exemption: A minor obtains a firearm with the permission of their parent or guardian and uses or possesses the firearm for the purposes of hunting, if the minor is in compliance with all applicable hunting laws.

  • Exemption: A minor obtains a firearm through their unlawful entry of premises or the motor vehicle where the firearm has been stored.

  • Exemption: A minor obtains a firearm while lawfully acting in self-defense or defense of another.

  • Firearms safety devices are exempted from Michigan's sales tax and use tax beginning 90 days after February 13, 2024 through December 31, 2024.

  • ~ Elections Have Consequences ~

    Thank You to MCRGO for providing this summary


    New MI Democrat Passed Gun Laws for 2024

    New Gun Laws for Michigan 2024: Red Flag

    Red Flag Laws

    Michigan's Extreme Risk Protection Order (ERPO) Act,
    commonly called "Red Flag" will:

    Allow specified individuals, such as a spouse or family member, to file an action with a circuit court requesting the court to enter an ERPO for an individual.

  • Require an action to state facts that showed that the issuance of an ERPO was necessary because the respondent posed a significant risk of personal injury to the respondent or others by possessing a firearm.


  • Require the petitioner to provide specified information in a filed action, such as the knowledge that the respondent owned or possessed firearms.

  • Require the court in which the action was filed to expedite a hearing on the issuance of an ERPO.

  • Require the court to issue an ERPO if it determined that the respondent posed a significant risk of personal injury to the respondent or others by possessing a firearm and require the court to consider specified information in that determination, such as a respondent's previous convictions.

  • Specify timelines for a hearing on an ERPO, its issuance, and its service on a restrained individual.

  • Require an ERPO to include specified provisions, such as a provision specifying that the restrained individual could not purchase or possess a firearm.

  • Prescribe the actions a restrained individual could take in response to an ERPO.

  • Prescribe the process for serving an ERPO on a restrained individual.
  • Specify the process that a designated law enforcement agency would have to follow when seizing and returning a firearm under an ERPO.

  • Prescribe penalties for failing to comply with an ERPO and for knowingly and intentionally making a false statement to the court in a complaint.

  • Require the State Court Administrative Office to prepare an annual report on and relating to the application of the Act.

  • Prohibit an individual who was subject to an ERPO from qualifying for a pistol license. --

  • Prohibit an individual who was subject to an ERPO from qualifying for a concealed pistol license (CPL).

  • The detailed official legislative analysis of this bill package can be found HERE: https://www.legislature.mi.gov/documents/2023-2024/billanalysis/Senate/pdf/2023-SFA-0083-C.pdf

    ~ Elections Have Consequences ~

    Thank You to MCRGO for providing this summary


    MFPP
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    Michigan Firearm Purchase Process
    (Effective Feb. 13, 2024)
    Long Guns and Pistols

    This is an Edited Condensed Version
    Find Original Here:
    ~ Click Here to Open Michigan Firearm Purchase Process MSP PDF in a New Tab ~

    Click to Open New RI-60: Firearms Sales Record PDF

    Long-gun:

    ~ Purchase Directly From SELLER ~ i.e.; (FFL) or Private Party.

    (MSP/Local Law Enforcement is not involved if purchasing from an FFL)

    ⬥ If SELLER is FFL:

  • FFL will initiate a NICS check.
  • FBI NICS completes a background check and responds PROCEED, DENY, or DELAY.
  • If PROCEED, FFL proceeds with sale.
  • FFL completes and provides a copy of the Firearms Sales Record (FSR) to the purchaser.
  • Registration is not required for non-pistol (i.e., Over 26 inches in length).
  • ⬥ If SELLER is Private Party and PURCHASER holds a:

  • Valid Concealed Pistol License (CPL)
  • Federal Firearms License (FFL) number:
  • No background check is conducted.
  • Seller fills out the Firearm Sales Record with Purchaser/Seller/Firearm information and provides a copy to purchaser.
  • Registration is not required for non-pistol (i.e., Over 26 inches in length).
  • ⬥If SELLER is Private Party and PURCHASER does NOT possess a

  • Valid CPL or FFL:
  • PURCHASER applies for a License to Purchase a Firearm (LTP) from local PD/Sheriff's Office.
  • Local PD/SO conducts background check through LEIN (to include NICS and NCIC) and APPROVES or DENIES.
  • If APPROVED, Purchaser proceeds to make purchase with private party within 30 days of License To Purchse (LTP) issuance.
  • SELLER fills out the LTP with Seller/Firearm information and provides a copy to purchaser.
  • Registration is not required for non-pistol (i.e., Over 26 inches in length).

    Handgun/pistol (MCL 28.422/422a):

    ⬥Purchase from Federally Licensed Firearm dealer (FFL).

  • If PURCHASER holds a valid CPL or FFL:

  • FFL will initiate a NICS check.
  • FBI NICS completes a background check and responds PROCEED, DENY, or DELAY.
  • If PROCEED, FFL proceeds with sale.
  • FFL completes and provides a copy of the FSR to the purchaser.
  • FFL returns the law enforcement copy of FSR to their (FFL’s) law enforcement jurisdiction (PD/SO) within 10 days.
  • PD/SO enters pistol information into MiPistol and mails the FSR to MSP Firearms Records Unit (FRU).

  • If PURCHASER does not possess a valid CPL or FFL:

  • Purchaser applies for LTP from local PD/SO.
  • Local PD/SO conducts background check through LEIN (to include NICS and NCIC) and APPROVES or DENIES.
  • If APPROVED, Purchaser proceeds to FFL to make purchase within 30 days of LTP issuance.
  • FFL may also initiate a NICS check.
  • FBI NICS completes a background check and responds PROCEED, DENY, or DELAY.
  • If PROCEED, FFL proceeds with sale.
  • FFL completes and provides a copy of the LTP to the purchaser.
  • FFL returns the LTP to the Licensing Authority within 10 days.
  • PD/SO enters pistol information into MiPistol and mails LTP to MSP FRU.
  • ⬥Purchase from PRIVATE PARTY

  • If PURCHASER holds a valid CPL or FFL:

  • SELLER fills out the FSR with Purchaser/Seller/Firearm information and provides a copy to purchaser.
  • SELLER returns the law enforcement copy of FSR to their (seller’s) law enforcement jurisdiction (PD/SO) within 10 days.
  • PD/SO enters pistol information into MiPistol and mails the FSR to MSP Firearms Records Unit (FRU).

  • If PURCHASER does NOT posess a valid CPL or FFL:

  • PURCHASER applies for LTP from local PD/SO.
  • Local PD/SO conducts background check through LEIN (to include NICS and NCIC) and APPROVES or DENIES.
  • If APPROVED, Purchaser proceeds to make purchase with private party within 30 days of LTP issuance.
  • SELLER fills out the LTP with Seller/Firearm information and provides a copy to purchaser.
  • SELLER returns the LTP to the Licensing Authority within 10 days.
  • PD/SO enters pistol information into MiPistol and mails LTP to MSP FRU.

  • If Registration is NOT Required on Long Gun Purchases, why are we filling out a FSR, and who is required to keep it??

    To Discourage Firearm Ownership = Red Tape + Firearms Registration

    ~ Elections Have Consequences ~
    Please Support

    Michigan Gun Owners


    ACTION ALERT: Polling Place Carry Ban

    Pending in the Michigan Senate 2/8/2024

    Michigan Legislative Analysis
    PROHIBIT GUNS AT ELECTION LOCATIONS
    ~ Click Here to Open Michigan Polling Place Carry Ban PDF in a New Tab ~


    MCRGO ACTION ALERT: Polling Place Carry Ban

    House Bills 4127 and 4128 are scheduled to be taken up by the Senates Elections and Ethics Committee tomorrow, Wednesday, February 7 at 3:00 PM. These bills have already passed the Michigan House on a party line vote of 56-53 last November. We anticipate they will be considered by the full Senate soon. MCRGO opposes the bills.

    House Bill 4127 prohibits the possession of firearms at or within 100 feet of a polling place during election day. The bill also prohibits firearms possession at early voting sites beginning on the second Saturday before an election and ending on the Sunday before the election, and within 100 feet of an absent voter ballot drop box for 40 days before an election. The full analysis can be found HERE.

    Consider the impact of this bill on legal carry outside the home. Many ballot drop boxes are located curbside within 100 feet of roads, streets, and sidewalks. There are several dozens of these drop boxes in each county. Kent County, for example, has 42 ballot drop boxes. Other than perhaps the one closest to your home, you likely are not aware of others you walk past while carrying for self-defense.

    House Bill 4127 would make it a misdemeanor with up to 90 days imprisonment to otherwise legally carry an exposed firearm within 100 feet of a ballot drop box within 40 days of an election. Michigan has three regular election dates per year plus presidential primaries and special elections. That's at least one third of the year, every year, that these roads, streets, sidewalks, libraries, local government buildings, and adjacent businesses would be off limits to legal defensive carry outside the home unless the firearm is concealed or in a vehicle.

    Michigan law already prohibits brandishing a firearm in public. Brandish is defined in MCL 750.222 as "to point, wave about, or display in a threatening manner with the intent to induce fear in another person."

    If the intent of these bills is truly to prevent harassment and intimidation at polling places and ballot counting locations the bills would focus on brandishing at these locations. Instead, they target legal self-defense in general through a ban on simple possession of firearms including lawful open carry with or without a CPL.


    Representatives of the following entities testified in opposition to the bills (2-28-23):

    • Great Lakes Gun Rights
    • Michigan Coalition for Responsible Gun Owners
    • Michigan Open Carry Inc.
    • Pure Integrity for Michigan Elections


    MCRGO Polling Place Gun Ban Update - 3/4/2024

    House Bills 4127 and its companion HB 4128 passed the full Senate last week on a 20-18 party line vote and were returned to the Michigan House of Representative for concurrence. These bills already passed the Michigan House on a party line vote of 56-53 last November. They did not receive immediate effect in the Senate.

    The legislation prohibits the possession of firearms within 100 feet of a polling place during election day. The legislation also prohibits firearms possession within 100 feet of early voting sites, within 100 feet of clerks' offices within 40 days before an election, and within 100 feet of an absentee voter ballot drop box for 40 days before an election. The updated analysis as passed the Senate can be found HERE.

    Several changes were made to the legislation since it was originally introduced that makes it less burdensome. Concealed pistol license holders carrying concealed are exempted. Peace officers, whether on duty or off, are exempted. Private property owners and their guests within the 100' perimeter are exempted. Lawful transportation and possession of a firearm in a vehicle is exempted.

    MCRGO remains opposed to the bills. While the bills are now intended to focus only on open carry, they would also subject CPL holders with a fully or partially exposed firearm to a 90 day misdemeanor, even if the exposure, otherwise legal in Michigan, is unintentional as is common in the warmer months. The legislation intends to treat the constitutionally protected act of open carry as brandishing, contradicting Michigan's MCL 750.222 which defines brandishing as "to point, wave about, or display in a threatening manner with the intent to induce fear in another person."

    ~ END ~

    ~ Elections Have Consequences ~
    Please Support

    Michigan Gun Owners

    Item # MCRGO ACTION ALERT

    Legislative Action Alert 5/13/2024

    "over 20,000 locations in Michigan off-limits for licensed concealed carry...."

    The more radical anti-gun members of the Michigan Legislature are up to their shenanigans again with the recently introduced Senate Bills 857 and 858.

    On the surface, these bills appear to extend bans on legal carry to the Michigan State Capitol, the Binsfield Senate Office Building, and the Anderson House Office Building [Note: The bills would exempt members of the Michigan Senate and Michigan House of Representatives from these bans.

    Recognizing that the Michigan House of Representatives may likely switch back to a Republican majority after the November election, placing these bans now in statutory law would prevent Republicans from reversing them next year as Democrats are expected to continue to hold control of the Michigan Senate and the governor's office through the end of 2026. However, the language in the bills goes much further.

    Anyone who has taken a concealed pistol license class in Michigan should remember that Michigan has two laws that impose pistol free zones. MCL 28.425o includes a list of locations where concealed pistol license holders may not carry a concealed weapon. The other law, MCRGO 750.234d, contain an older list of gun free zones. This second law exempts concealed pistol license holders.

    While there is some overlap between the two laws, MCL 750.234d is the more restrictive of two. For example, it makes financial institutions gun free zones. It lacks the permission exception for places of religious worship in MCL 28.425o. The biggest difference is that it does not allow firearms possession on the premises of any location with a liquor license whereas MCL 28.425o only bans concealed carry in bars & taverns.

    Senate Bill 858 would strip out the exception for a "person licensed by this state or another state to carry a concealed weapon" from MCL 750.234d. The result would make over 20,000 locations in Michigan off-limits for licensed concealed carry. This would include not only party stores, but any grocery store, gas station, pharmacy, hotel, club, special event, watercraft, retailer, etc. with any type of liquor license, active or not. And that is only locations with liquor licenses. It doesn't account for other locations such as banks and credit unions. The impact is so broad that Senate Bill 858 would effectively outlaw defensive carry in Michigan.

    So why did the nine sponsors and co-sponsors, including the chair of the Senate Judiciary Committee, introduce this legislation? One may suspect the removal of the exemption for concealed pistol license holders was intended to only apply to the Capitol and legislative office buildings and was mistakenly extended to all locations in 750.234d. However, that's improbable. Bills in Michigan aren't written directly by legislators but instead by the nonpartisan and professional Legislative Service Bureau that would have informed the sponsors about the unintended consequences.

    It's certainly possible that some of these legislators may not support self-defense rights including the legal defensive carry of firearms even though that would clearly violate Article 1, Section 6 of the Michigan Constitution they took an oath to support. It is more plausible they knowingly introduced draconian bills in order to win votes through amendments from other legislators reluctant to support the bills as introduced. We saw this tactic used with last year's polling place gun ban legislation.

    Regardless, we please ask that you make your opposition known to your state senator. You can locate your state senator HERE; https://senate.michigan.gov/FindYourSenator/


    Need a Good Michigan Gun Law Lawyer?
    Willis Law

    Owning a Gun May Become Much More Expensive

    With the federal courts offering lukewarm protection to the Second Amendment, anti-gun politicians are attempting an end run around legal gun control obstacles through taxes.

    Michigan State Representative Cynthia Johnson (D-Detroit) has proposed a 10% excise tax on ammunition, already selling at inflated rates due to scarcity. We can anticipate more firearms related excise tax proposals in the 2021-2022 Michigan Legislative Session.

    Firearms dealer licensing and manufacturing fees are increasingly being proposed in many states. And Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden has called for a $200 federal registration fee for popular semi-automatic rifles like the AR-15 as well as a $200 federal tax stamp for every magazine that could hold more than 10 rounds.

    In a September 9, 2020 article, Ammoland reports: "In 1819, Chief Justice John Marshall of the U.S. Supreme Court famously wrote: 'the power to tax involves the power to destroy ….' This truism has not been lost on firearm prohibitionists, who when unable to ban guns outright have often tried to tax them out of reach of the average citizen."

    The result of such taxes would make legal self-defense, particularly concealed carry, even more unaffordable to many middle class and economically disadvantaged people.
    History has taught us this will lead to a proliferation in blackmarket sales and corresponding increase in crime.

    Elections Have Consequences

    People often say, with pride, 'I'm not interested in politics.' They might as well say, 'I'm not interested in my standard of living, my health, my job, my rights, my freedoms, my future or any future.' ... If we mean to keep any control over our world and lives, we must be interested in politics. ~ Martha Gellhorn 20th Century War Correspondent


    Rebellion Against Tyrants is Obedience to God

    Our Founding Father Benjamin Franklin penned these words;
    “Rebellion Against Tyrants is Obedience to God”

    The phrase “Rebellion Against Tyrants is Obedience to God” is a potent proclamation that embodies the principles of liberty and freedom, especially within a Christian context. It implies that the quest for freedom, even if it necessitates rebellion against oppressive regimes, is not merely a human endeavor, but a divine directive. This compelling assertion emphasizes the notion that tyranny is in direct contradiction with God’s will, and thus, resistance against such oppression is an act of obedience to God. It serves as a moral beacon, guiding individuals and societies towards the path of justice and liberty. In a Christian nation, this sentiment deeply resonates as it aligns with Christian teachings that champion freedom, dignity, and respect for all individuals. Therefore, this phrase is not just a rallying cry against tyranny, but also a profound theological affirmation that underscores the sanctity of freedom and the divine obligation to preserve it.